ART is a method of collecting an egg cell (ovum, oocyte) from an ovary and fertilizing that egg cell with male sperm. The fertilization occurs outside the woman’s body; after that, the fertilized embryo is inserted back into the woman’s womb. The most common technique used during this procedure is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).
One of the simplest techniques of ART, where the selected sperm is inserted into the womb through a tube. This procedure is painless and no anesthesia is needed.
IVF is the fertilization of eggs outside the woman’s body. This is performed as a ICSI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection). Prior to this procedure, the patient receives hormonal treatment to stimulate the ovulatory process. When the ova are ready, they are collected (this stage is called OPU – ovum pick-up procedure); after the fertilization, the embryo is inserted back to the womb.
ICSI is a technique of injecting a single sperm directly into an egg. This happens in a lab, under a microscope. The fertilised egg (embryo) is then transferred to the woman’s womb.
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IVM means immature oocytes are ‚encouraged to mature’ outside the woman’s organism. It is important to note that this method does not require hormonal stimulation, due to colleting immature eggs. This method is recommended for Patients with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome).
IMSI involves magnifying sperm 6-8 thousand times under a microscope, in order to identify the best sperm and increase the chances of fertilisation. This procedure is mostly recommended to patients with less than 14% of correctly build sperm cells and patients whose sperm was collected directly from the testicle or epididymis.
Results of clinical tests show significantly smaller percentage of miscarriages and higher percentage of pregnancies when using IMSI-6600, compared to ICSI.
This is the only opportunity for women producing a low number of egg cells (oocytes), no egg cells at all or egg cells which are unsuitable for genetic reasons. However, there is an age restriction, as this service is suitable for women 49 years of age or younger.
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